1. (a) In his slave narrative, which physical hardships does Equiano say the captives suffered during the Middle Passage?

There was no fresh air and it wasn’t fit to breathe. The slaves had the sensation they were suffocating because they were in a very enclosed room. Slaves got sick with weird diseases. They were hungry all the time because there wasn’t enough food. The slaves were handcuffed and the chains were really heavy.

1. (b) What emotional torments does he describe?

They suffered from great sadness and severe depression because of the lamentable situation, they lost all hope and were ready to kill themselves.

2. (a) Cite two examples of the slave traders’ cruelty to the slaves.

The slave traders satisfied them by eating fish and instead of giving the remaining fish to them, they tossed it into the sea again. All the slaves were placed under deck, and when the ship’s cargo was confined together, it became absolutely pestilential.

2. (b) What emotional torments does he describe?

The slaves were mad at the whites because they treated them bad. The slaves were very hungry and when they asked for food, it was denied by the whites. No one cared for them. They had them living on poor conditions, and the slaves got so miserable they even hoped to die.

2. (c) In what ways do these descriptions serve as appeals to readers’ emotions? Explain.

People must feel compassion for them after reading the vivid descriptions of all the hardships the slaves went through during the voyage. Some will probably be mad at the Europeans and blame them for what they did the Africans, treating them not as human beings.

3. (a) Cite two examples that show the slave traders’ concerns for the slaves.

They were asked if they were sick when they got off the ship.

The planters and merchants came quickly to them.

3. (b) What seems to motivate this concern?

The suffering and pain the slaves transmitted to them.

3. (c) Would you say this is genuine concern or something else? Explain.

It was careless avarice. They just cared about themselves and wanted the best for themselves also, they couldn’t care less about what happened to the slaves.

4. Idenify three examples of descriptive language in the narrative.

(b) Explain how each example serves as a strong emotional appeal to the reader.

Many a time we were near suffocation form the want of fresh air, which we were often without for whole days together. This appeals to reader because it’s intense and makes you feel empathy and sadness.

5. Do you think it is better for people who are victims of injustice to record and even publicize their experiences or to maintain their privacy?

Yes it is better because that way more people will know all the hardships and injustices those people have gone through and some will try to help.


6. (a) In summarizing the excerpt as a whole, what three main ideas would you include?

The slaves were treated in the worst conditions, they were almost suffocating.  Even though the slave traders’ were so mean they showed concern toward the slaves. The slaves were totally captivated, they were selling to the merchants and they could only be free by buying their freedom.

6. (b) What is the single most essential message of Equiano’s autobiographical account.

Slavery is an inhuman crime no one should go through.

7. A summary of the first paragraph of the excerpt appears below. Revise through this summary by deleting one piece of information that is not important enough to include, and adding one detail that is too important to omit.

On the ship that took Equiano from Africa to the Americas, the slaves were kept in miserable conditions. It was hot and crowded. People were chained. The closeness of the place, the heat of the climate, and the lack of room almost suffocated them.

8. (a) Summarize the events after the ship reaches Bridgetown.

The ship arrives and the planters and merchants rush to the ship to examine the slaves. The slaves go through various examinations and are later taken to a merchant’s place. There, they are gathered and then sold like cows.

8. (b) What is the main idea or essential message in that section of the narrative?

The main idea is that the Europeans saw the slaves as a way of making money. That’s why they sold them.


1. I was disappointed when the publisher rejected my manuscript. To REJECT means to refuse to agree to a request.

2. The nurse gave me an injection in my arm. An INJECTION is a liquid, usually a drug or vaccine, that is inserted into a person’s body.

3. Tanya projected her voice across the room. To PROJECT means to extend something outward beyond.

4. We did not know the answer, but we offered our conjectures in a brainstorming session. A CONJECTURE is an opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information.

5. Pablo and Luisa were conversing when Celia interjected some remarks. To INTERJECT is to say something abruptly or to interrupt.

6. The guard ejected the misbehaving children. To EJECT is to force or throw out.

1. copious, sparse, meager  – antonym, synonym, synonym

2. wretched, desolate, pitiful  – synonym, synonym, synonym

3. dejected, cheerful, lively  – antonym, synonym, synonym

4. inseparable, divisible, isolated  – antonym, synonym, synonym

5. heightened, sensitive, keen  – synonym, antonym, synonym

6. pacify, agitate, incite  – antonym, synonym, synonym